Mine were lovely even though I was really down and out sick with a throat “thing.” I think that, after almost three weeks, I am finally getting better. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Neither of those are reported speech. Thank you for subscribing to our newsletter! The morons at AP make changes for the sake of change, with no redeeming value, as if they need to justify their existence. This is page is updated often. The word “alleges,” for instance, can be a synonym for “says,” but it implies that the claim is unproven, controversial or doubtful. You can use programs like Zotero or EndNote, or simply drag the quotation into a document. To quote an author, copy the author’s exact language and use quotation marks to show you are reproducing language from another source. 2 of the 4 uses of “tweeted” came from a BBC story on traffic delays: one quoting Highways England’s warning to drivers, and one quoting reaction from a driver. In fact, as Gandhi said in 1931, offering forgiveness is not a display of weakness, but indeed, its opposite. ( Log Out / “The weak can never forgive. It's a description of habitual action by X. My family doesn't have that much time." I hope your holidays were glorious. Quoting is using the exact words of another author. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. You’ll notice if your paper plods from one quote to another, overwhelming the reader with other people’s words. I have made my plane reservations and am looking forward to seeing you. Knowing who said it (Yogi Berra) is important, because it’s an original thought, and because knowing the speaker is one reason why it’s funny. Reply to discussions and create your own threads. Fully understanding the context of the words you’re paraphrasing, and citing the source completely, gives an authentic representation of the source and strengthens your argument. “Says” is used with the present tense, and “said” is used with the past tense. Use quotation marks around a statement to give the original writer or speaker credit. This is where quoting from a document falls. Widely accepted facts like when the UN was founded needn’t be paraphrased or cited. Your email address will not be published. You’ll generally do this through paraphrasing and quoting what you’ve discovered in the research phase of your writing process. This is one area I have been unclear on. Did it drive you crazy as a kid when an adult in your life told you you had to do something “Because I said so!,” and offered no other justification? That said, it may depend on the context of the quote, and whether it’s a disputed idea. In all other instances, paraphrasing will move the narrative along much more smoothly, tying it to your own style along the way. Hi I am Azalea from America and and I'm 10 and I'm her to tell you the answer to your question. I’ve noticed that this even applies to fiction, albeit with less force — sometimes it’s appropriate to use an alternative to said to color a description, but for the most part, using synonyms to “said” can get in the way of a story too. Required fields are marked *. A comma is not used to set off a "he said/she said" clause if the part of the quotation preceding the clause ends with a question mark or exclamation point. Catch-all phrases such as “critics say” or “is widely regarded as” are vague and unconvincing because they have no basis for verification. As such, it wouldn’t make sense to say “Johnson argues that his favorite ice-cream is vanilla,” since this is an opinion, not an argument. Pingback: Podcast Episode 3 – The New Era of Language in an Online World – IKL Online Journalism. Appropriately paraphrasing the ideas of researchers and authors can add strength to your argument. Number 4 would generally not need to be cited, though you’ll likely be following it up with more specific information that will. NEVER Coach Brown says Monday. These all came from somewhere, and you’ll want to share their origins with your readers. There are times when a quotation will give you maximum impact and times when paraphrasing is more effective.
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